Reagan Smith provides Endangered Species Surveys and holds a number of USFWS Section 10 survey permits. We also provide habitat assessments and consultation regarding compliance with the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. We have a complete wildlife staff with a variety of specialities to meet your projects needs.
Migratory Bird Treaty Act
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) (16 USC §§ 703-712) establishes provisions for the protection of migratory birds. The MBTA forbid s anyone “at any time, by any means, or in any manner, to pursue, hunt take, capture, kill [or] any part, nest, or eggs of any such bird” (16 USC § 703(a)). The MBTA differs from the Endangered Species Act in that it protects 800 migratory bird species which are not necessarily threatened or endangered. The USFWS implements and enforces the MBTA. Consultation with the USFWS regarding MBTA compliance and permitting can occur concurrently with the USFWS review of impacts on protected species under the ESA. Knowledge or intent is not required to be liable under the MBTA. (16 USC § 707(a)). Courts have held that even the accidental killing of a migratory bird can be a criminal act under this law. Proactive measures, such as involving the USFWS early in project development, would minimize the risk of mortality and avoid costly enforcement.
Habitat Management Plans are developed by Reagan Smith Energy Solutions to assist operators in complying with Conditions of Approval in federal permits. Nesting surveys can also be performed for construction taking place during the nesting and breeding seasons.
Please contact Monica Smith Griffin at email@example.com for more information.
Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act
The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (Eagle Protection Act) was passed in 1940 to prevent the extinction of the bald eagle and was amended in 1962 to include protection of the golden eagles (16 USC §§ 668-668d). The Eagle Protection Act authorizes substantial fines for misdemeanor and felony violations of the Act by individuals and organizations as well as possible imprisonment (16 USC §§ 668, 668b). Consultation and permitting can occur concurrently with the USFWS review of the impact of proposed actions on protected species under the Endangered Species Act. The Eagle Protection Act protects bald and golden eagles regardless of whether or not they are threatened or endangered. In July 2007, the U.S. Secretary of the Interior published a final rule removing the bald eagle from the federal list of endangered and threatened wildlife (72 Fed. Reg. 37346). Although the Bald Eagle no longer receives protection under the ESA, both the Eagle Protection Act and the MBTA continue to provide protection for the species. Please contact Will Dillsaver at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Point Counts for Avian Use and Breeding Birds - Diurnal Birds
Observation points are based on project size, terrain and vegetation. Observations take place within a specific radius for a set period time. The observation data includes bird flight heights and flight direction. Surveys for Breeding Birds are conducted in the early morning during the breeding season during calm weather conditions.
The developer utilizing our report can evaluate the potential for bird collisions using the report which estimates the number of times birds fly through the rotor swept area, additionally, species composition is also provided. Please contact Will Dillsaver at email@example.com for more information.
Habitat Mapping - Birds and Bats
Habitat maps are prepared from aerial photos, topographic maps, existing literature and available GIS data and is then verified by an onsite inspection. This information can be used by the developer to avoid siting wind turbines and other project components near sensitive bird habitats. Please contact Will Dillsaver at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act prohibits the removal of bird habitat during nesting season. A search is performed of visible potential nesting habitat, during the nesting season. The results can be used to evaluate raptor presence in the area. Nesting areas can be added to constraint maps provided in the Regulatory Due Diligence Reports. Please contact Will Dillsaver at email@example.com for more information.
Acoustic Surveys of Night Migrants - Nocturnal Migrant Birds
Acoustic detectors are set to detect and record flight calls of night-migrating birds that vocalize during migration. The acoustic surveys provide information on passage rate of some nocturnal species. Please contact Will Dillsaver at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Bird and Bat Mortality Surveys
Mortality surveys assist operators of wind farms in determining the effects of wind farms on bird and bat populations. Mortality surveys are usually performed during migration. Reagan Smith Energy Solutions' wildlife department will assist in developing an internal and external monitoring program. Surveys will be scheduled based on the species in the area. Reporting and mapping services are also provided. Please contact Will Dillsaver at email@example.com for more information.
Raptor Nest Surveys
Raptors are birds of prey, which include but are not limited to, eagles, hawks, vultures, owls and falcons. Many projects require raptor nest surveys to determine if there are raptors nesting/breeding in the project area. Raptor nest surveys can be performed by ground survey techniques or aerial surveys utilizing helicopters.
For more information on Raptor Nest Surveys please contact Monica Smith Griffin firstname.lastname@example.org
Coyote Eradication and Hog Eradication and Beaver Eradication
When coyotes and feral hogs are causing damage to crops or livestock, or when there is a desire to reduce the population, lethal control methods are required. To stop coyote predation it is usually necessary to remove the offending coyote(s).
Beavers can destroy ponds and dams quickly by creating dams, cutting down trees and belly sliding over dams which causes erosion. Traps are utilized to remove beavers. Monthly monitoring can be arranged for areas that have constant beaver activity.
Helicopters can be utilized try to get immediate relief from coyote predation, or to quickly reduce a high coyote population. Aerial hunting is highly selective for coyotes, and can be used to take specific depredating coyotes.
Please contact Will Dillsaver for more information at email@example.com
Wildlife and Stock Inventory Surveys
Ranchers and game mangers can utilize our wildlife and stock inventory surveys. Our biologists survey your property utilizing helicopters to obtain deer populations and other wildlife including exotics and predators. The biologist also estimates density, sex ratios, fawn survival, age and wildlife distribution. This information can be useful in developing wildlife management plans and harvest recommendations.
Contact Will Dillsaver for more information at firstname.lastname@example.org